Union Jack Flags

United Kingdom

Location: Western Europe. Islands include the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France


Union Jack Flags Image

Union Jack Flags - Did you know...The study of flags is called Vexillology - Did you know....A Red Flag is a symbol of hardiness, bravery, strength & valour - According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions there is a vast amount of symbolism associated with the color of a nations flag - Union Jack Flags

A comprehensive guide to the Union Jack Flags. Discover facts and useful information.

Flags are an extremely easy way to identify a country or area immediately, language is not a barrier. The colors and emblems chosen by each country are deeply symbolic. Find out all you need to know about the Union Jack Flags.

Flag Symbol

Union Jack Flags - Map Image
Union Jack Flags
- Description

  • The Union of the individual countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland is known as the United Kingdom

  • The Union Jack flag is described as a blue field with the red cross of Saint George (St George is the patron saint of England) edged in white

  • It also consists of the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland)

  • The flag is then superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew (St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland)

  • The correct name for the flag is the the Union Flag, but it is commonly referred to as the Union Jack

  • The Union Jack Flag, particularly the Blue Ensign is the basis for a number of other flags including many Commonwealth countries and their constituent states or provinces as well as British overseas territories

Union Jack Flags - Meaning
The study of flags is called Vexillology and comes from the Latin word vexillum ("flag") and the Greek suffix -logy ("study"). The word "flag" is derived from the old Saxon word "fflaken" which means to fly or to float in the air. The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield. Shields were painted with emblems or symbols to identify friend or enemy. Warriors needed to know where their leaders were hence the custom of carrying a pole was adopted and subsequently the idea of flags began! Flags and banners were even mentioned in the bible, the following quote is from the bible book entitled Song of Solomons, (6:10):  "Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as an army with banners."

Union Flags - Pictures
The image below shows the individual flags which make up the Union Jack Flag. The image on the left is the St George's Cross representing England. The image in the centre is the red cross of St Patrick and symbolises Ireland. The image on the right is the cross of St Andrew and represents Scotland.

Union Jack Flags Picture

Union Jack Flags - Color Symbolism
The individual colors that make up the union jack flag represent the following:

  • White - Peace and honesty

  • Red - Hardiness, Bravery, Strength & Valour

  • Blue - Vigilance, Truth and Loyalty, Perseverance & Justice

Union Jack Flags - United Kingdom Country Information

  • Total area of 243,610 sq km

  • Land: 241,930 sq km

  • Water: 1,680 sq km

  • National anthem: "God Save the Queen"

  • Currency: £ British Pound

  • Natural Resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land

  • Military Branches: Army, Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Air Force

National symbols - United Kingdom
The United Kingdom is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Each individual country has its own national symbol:

  • Lion (England)

  • Lion and Unicorn (Scotland)

  • Dragon (Wales)

  • Harp (Northern Ireland)

Union Jack Flags- Color Symbolism
According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions there is a vast amount of symbolism associated with the color of a nations flag. The full development of heraldry in about 1200AD also brought sophisticated design of flags, some of which includes a Coat of Arms.

  • A Yellow flag is the quarantine flag of all nations; also carried at a vessel's fore, to denote that an infectious
    disease is on board

  • White flag - A white flag is a sign of truce and is carried or displayed to an enemy, as an invitation to conference, or for the purpose of making some communication not hostile

  • National flag - A flag of a particular country, on which some national emblem or device, is emblazoned

  • Red flag - A red flag is displayed as a signal of danger or token of defiance; the emblem of anarchists

Union Jack FlagsPicture

Union Flags - History

  • The first 'Union Jack Flag' was created by combining the red cross of St. George of England and the saltire of St. Andrew of Scotland

  • Wales was conquered by Edward I of England (1239 - 1307). It then became incorporated into England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284. Wales was therefore considered part of the kingdom of England and so the Welsh flag never became part of the Union Flag

  • Union Jack Flags were originally royal flags rather than national flags

  • Union Jack flags were only intended for use at sea by the military vessels of England and Scotland to show common allegiance by the two countries to their monarch

  • "Ensign" is a term used to describe flags that are flown by ships as symbols of nationality

  • In 1649 King Charles I was executed and the monarchy was dissolved

  • In 1649 Oliver Cromwell decreed that the use of Union Jack Flags was discontinued because itís purpose was to show allegiance to a crown which no longer existed

  • In 1660 the monarchy was restored and Union Jack flags were used specifically in the king's ships

  • In 1707, England and Scotland were officially united in the Act of Union and the flag became "the ensign armorial of the United Kingdom"

  • On January 1, 1801 the Act of Union with Ireland was passed and the red saltire cross, attributed to St. Patrick, was added to all union jack flags representing Ireland

  • The Union Jack has never been made an official civil flag by any legal process

  • Union Jack flags have become the British National Flag through usage, custom & practice

  • In 1908 it was stated in Parliament that "the Union Jack should be regarded as the National flag"

  • In 1933 the Home Secretary stated ď... the Union Jack Flag is the national flag and may properly be flown by any British subject on land"

Union Jack FlagsImage

Union Jack Flags - Definition
A flag is defined as a symbol or emblem usually consisting of a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design. Flags are also often used as a signalling device and method of communication. Government buildings are often decorated with flags. A cloth usually bearing a device or devices and used to indicate nationality, party, etc., or to give or ask information; commonly attached to a staff to be waved by the wind; a standard; a banner; an ensign; the colors; as, the national flag; a military or a naval flag.

Union Jack Flags - Facts
  • All Flag pictures show flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The Study of the Flags is known as Vexillology

  • The upper left quarter of the flag is known as the Canton

  • A Flag share is the flag officer's share of prize money

  • People with an interest in flags are called Vexillologists

  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed

Union Jack FlagsImage
  • The shape and flag ratio of Union Jack Flags is 1:2 (the length is twice the height)

  • To dip the flag is the process of lowering and quickly restore it to its place is often done as a mark of respect

  • The idea of flying a flag came from the requirements of ancient warfare in the battlefield

  • When presenting a nations flag, the United Nations uses alphabetical order, this includes Union Jack Flags. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag

  • Union Jack Flags should never be allowed to drag along the ground

  • Tattered or faded Union Jack Flags should be removed and replaced with new Union Jack Flags

  • Union Jack Flags should always be flown the correct way up, it is vital that due care and consideration is taken to ensure this

  • Union Jack Flags have even appeared on UK currency

Displaying the Union Jack Flags - Did you know?

  • The act or function of raising Union Jack Flags, as on a rope is referred to as hoisting

  • To denote grief and mourning, Union Jack Flags is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole , this is called flying the flag at Half Staff or Half Mast and is carried out by firstly raising the Union Jack Flags to the top, then lowering the Union Jack Flags halfway

  • To show distress Union Jack Flags are flown upside-down

  • Always hoist Union Jack Flags briskly and lower the Union Jack Flags ceremoniously

  • No disrespect should be shown to Union Jack flags

  • Union Jack Flags should never be displayed, used, fastened or kept in such a way as to allow the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way

  • Union Jack Flags should never have placed upon them, nor on any part of them, nor attached to them any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature

  • To strike, or lower Union Jack Flags is the process of hauling it down. It is a token of respect, submission, or, in an engagement, of surrender

  • To hang out a white flag is a method of asking for a truce or quarter, or, in some cases, to manifest a friendly design by exhibiting a white flag

Dream Definition - Union Jack Flags
Seeing your national flag in your dream means peace and/or prosperity. Seeing a flag of a foreign nation indicates a breach of trust between friends.

Union Jack Flags

Union Jack Flags

  • Union Jack Flags - Facts

  • Union Jack Flags- Meaning

  • What do the colors represent?

  • Color Symbolism in Flags

  • Meaning of different colors

  • Union Jack Flags- Pictures

Union Jack Flags Picture


Pictures and Videos of Union Jack Flags
Discover the selection of pictures and videos relating to different flag symbols, a useful educational resource for budding Vexillologists! Learn about the meaning and history of Union Jack Flags. Union Jack Flags are a good example of color symbolism that we see in everyday life. All of the articles and pages on this site can be accessed via the Signology Index - a great educational resource for everyone! What is the significance of a particular color? What does each Union Jack Flags mean - find out all you need to know! Color Symbolism, Meaning, Crests, Emblems, Facts and much more! We have even included a dream definition of the Union Jack Flags! Hope you find this resource on flag symbols useful.


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